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Here you will find information to viticulture resources and the vineyard process. Choose your area of interest below:
AUSTRALIAN VITICULTURE BOOK
One such book is "Australian Viticulture" was founded by Winetitles in 1997
to meet the specific needs of Australia's grapegrowers. The articles feature
the latest information on viticultural technology from research centres
around the country, all clearly and precisely presented by staff and
contributors who are experts in the field. It aims to help readers face the
challenges of a changing industry.
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Dig a hole twice the size of the root ball and a proper depth that will allow the graft union to be 2" above soil surface.
Add organic matter (peat moss or humus) to the soil and mix thoroughly. The amount of organic matter should equal 1/2 the volume of the soil.
Slit the sides of the paper-moulded container and break off any excess from the rim of the container.
Place the plant into the hole making sure that the hole has the proper width and depth. 5. Begin to back fill the hole halfway. Make sure the plant is straight before too much soil is in the hole.
Tamp the soil around the root ball. Repeat procedure of filling and tamping until hole has been filled.
Give the plant a good initial watering and every 3-5 days after planting. Feel the soil moisture to determine watering.
A top dress of shredded bark (2" deep) and fertiliser (1/2 lb. per year since planting, starting with the second season) is advisable.
Grapes require fertilising every year, with Plant-Tone for the first year and Tree-Tone for consecutive years. A spring and autumn feeding is advisable when young, but as it matures decrease the amount of fertiliser as to counteract its vigorous growth habit.
Grape vines bear fruit on previous year's growth. Pruning methods for mature vines should always maximize the amount of fruit-bearing wood left on the tree. Grapes tend to be very vigorous thus they need severe pruning at times.
Remove dead or diseased wood.
Immature vines require hard pruning such that the vines do not get out of bounds. Prune branches so as to develop one trunk and arms with one or two buds on them.
Support is needed to keep the vine erect in the form of a trellis or posts.
Mature vines can be trained to a 2-tier/4 arm system. Each arm should possess 6-8 buds.
It is advisable to leave a shoot near each arm and one for the trunk as renewal spurs in the case of injury or to be used to rejuvenate the vine. Each shoot should possess 2 buds.
Removal of a large amount of wood is normal for mature vines so as to combat its vigorous growth habit.
Grape vines require a distance of 8-10 feet between vines.
Pests and Diseases:
Correct identification of insect and disease problems is important if the right controls are to be used with maximum effectiveness and safety. Consult your local qualified people or your state agent if you experience an unfamiliar problem. Insects such as aphids, mites, leafhoppers, beetles, and many fruitworms may cause problems. Diseases such as scab, leaf spot, cane blight, and mildew may require treatment.
Grape varieties are self-fertile thus not requiring another variety to pollinate it. Combining varieties will allow for an extended time for harvest.
Grapes should be picked when they are sweet and fully coloured.
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